Electricity is essential to modern society, almost every appliance in your home requires power to function to its full capacity. Being connected to the centralized power system that the local area operates on. But if you’ve gone through the more rural areas or you’ve probably seen it in the cities too, it’s the solar panels atop the houses that are used to power those homes that are either disconnected from the centralized power grid or they are simply trying to become more self sufficient to cut down the electrical bill.
To set up a solar powered system for your home is simple enough but there are a few nuances you have to pay attention to, such as the electricity requirement of your home and its appliances. Additionally the system depending on the scale will allow your home to be completely self-sufficient. You should always start with the storage of the electrical power since you’ll need a decent storage system for when you won’t be using the solar panels for power. You could use deep cycle GEL cell batteries or deep cycle AGM batteries. The deep GEL cell batteries are much more forgiving and durable compared to AGM but it has a moderate specific energy and load current.
Once you’ve decided on the battery type you should decide on the storage method for said batteries since the batteries need to be stored in a safe cold space where they could be connected to the rest of the system. Then you’ll need the charge controller which will control the voltage and amps that are passing to and from the batteries. The controller then connects to the panels and the appliances you’ll be powering through the system. Then you should consider the position and angle of the panels, setting them in an area that has the most possible sun exposure which will allow them to convert the energy in the most efficient manner possible.
Lastly the inverter, this connects to the appliances and converts the DC battery power into AC power. The Outback and Victron 3Kw inverters can be stacked together to give greater outputs when necessary, including making a 3 phase supply. You want to use a Pure Sine Wave inverter to give a smooth power curve to your appliance to ensure it runs properly and is not damaged. Which completes the list of components and parts you’ll need to set up the system, you should also always consult a professional before setting up such a system for your own home.